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Effects of naturally acidified seawater on seagrass calcareous epibionts.
Surface ocean pH is likely to decrease by up to 0.4 units by 2100 due to the uptake of anthropogenic CO2 from the atmosphere. Short-term experiments have revealed that this degree of seawater acidification can alter ...
Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidification
(Nature Research, 2008-07-03)
The atmospheric partial pressure of carbon dioxide (p(CO(2))) will almost certainly be double that of pre-industrial levels by 2100 and will be considerably higher than at any time during the past few million years. The ...
Quantification of abnormal repetitive behaviour in captive European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris).
Stereotypies are repetitive, unvarying and goalless behaviour patterns that are often considered indicative of poor welfare in captive animals. Quantifying stereotypies can be difficult, particularly during the early stages ...