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  • The effects of a competitor on the foraging behaviour of the shore crab Carcinus maenas. 

    Chakravarti, LJ; Cotton, PA (United States, 2014)
    Optimal Diet Theory suggests that individuals make foraging decisions that maximise net energy intake. Many studies provide qualitative support for this, but factors such as digestive constraints, learning, predation-risk ...
  • Stereotyping starlings are more 'pessimistic'. 

    Brilot, BO; Asher, L; Bateson, M (Germany, 2010-09)
    Negative affect in humans and animals is known to cause individuals to interpret ambiguous stimuli pessimistically, a phenomenon termed 'cognitive bias'. Here, we used captive European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) to test ...

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