Now showing items 1-20 of 29

  • Benthic Assemblages of the Anton Dohrn Seamount (NE Atlantic): Defining Deep-Sea Biotopes to Support Habitat Mapping and Management Efforts with a Focus on Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems. 

    Davies, JS; Stewart, HA; Narayanaswamy, BE; Jacobs, C; Spicer, J; Golding, N; Howell, KL (United States, 2015)
    In 2009 the NW and SE flanks of Anton Dohrn Seamount were surveyed using multibeam echosounder and video ground-truthing to characterise megabenthic biological assemblages (biotopes) and assess those which clearly adhere ...
  • The city as a refuge for insect pollinators. 

    Hall, DM; Camilo, GR; Tonietto, RK; Ollerton, J; Ahrné, K; Arduser, M; Ascher, JS; Baldock, KCR; Fowler, R; Frankie, G; Goulson, D; Gunnarsson, B; Hanley, ME; Jackson, JI; Langellotto, G; Lowenstein, D; Minor, ES; Philpott, SM; Potts, SG; Sirohi, MH; Spevak, EM; Stone, GN; Threlfall, CG (United States, 2017-02)
    Research on urban insect pollinators is changing views on the biological value and ecological importance of cities. The abundance and diversity of native bee species in urban landscapes that are absent in nearby rural ...
  • Community-level response of coastal microbial biofilms to ocean acidification in a natural carbon dioxide vent ecosystem. 

    Lidbury, I; Johnson, V; Hall-Spencer, JM; Munn, CB; Cunliffe, M (England, 2012-05)
    The impacts of ocean acidification on coastal biofilms are poorly understood. Carbon dioxide vent areas provide an opportunity to make predictions about the impacts of ocean acidification. We compared biofilms that colonised ...
  • The comparative osmoregulatory ability of two water beetle genera whose species span the fresh-hypersaline gradient in inland waters (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae, Hydrophilidae). 

    Pallarés, S; Arribas, P; Bilton, DT; Millán, A; Velasco, J (2015-04-17)
    A better knowledge of the physiological basis of salinity tolerance is essential to understanding the ecology and evolutionary history of organisms that have colonized inland saline waters. Coleoptera are amongst the most ...
  • Differential responses of emergent intertidal coral reef fauna to a large-scale El-Niño southern oscillation event: sponge and coral resilience. 

    Kelmo, F; Bell, JJ; Moraes, SS; Gomes, RDCT; Mariano-Neto, E; Attrill, MJ (United States, 2014)
    There is a paucity of information on the impacts of the 1997-8 El Niño event and subsequent climatic episodes on emergent intertidal coral reef assemblages. Given the environmental variability intertidal reefs experience, ...
  • The ecology of seamounts: structure, function, and human impacts. 

    Clark, MR; Rowden, AA; Schlacher, T; Williams, A; Consalvey, M; Stocks, KI; Rogers, AD; O'Hara, TD; White, M; Shank, TM; Hall-Spencer, JM (United States, 2010)
    In this review of seamount ecology, we address a number of key scientific issues concerning the structure and function of benthic communities, human impacts, and seamount management and conservation. We consider whether ...
  • Effects of naturally acidified seawater on seagrass calcareous epibionts. 

    Martin, S; Rodolfo-Metalpa, R; Ransome, E; Rowley, S; Buia, M-C; Gattuso, J-P; Hall-Spencer, J (England, 2008-12-23)
    Surface ocean pH is likely to decrease by up to 0.4 units by 2100 due to the uptake of anthropogenic CO2 from the atmosphere. Short-term experiments have revealed that this degree of seawater acidification can alter ...
  • Epibenthic assessment of a renewable tidal energy site. 

    Sheehan, EV; Gall, SC; Cousens, SL; Attrill, MJ (United States, 2013)
    Concern over global climate change as a result of fossil fuel use has resulted in energy production from renewable sources. Marine renewable energy devices provide clean electricity but can also cause physical disturbance ...
  • Evidence for distinct coastal and offshore communities of bottlenose dolphins in the north east Atlantic. 

    Oudejans, MG; Visser, F; Englund, A; Rogan, E; Ingram, SN (United States, 2015)
    Bottlenose dolphin stock structure in the northeast Atlantic remains poorly understood. However, fine scale photo-id data have shown that populations can comprise multiple overlapping social communities. These social ...
  • Geographical limits to species-range shifts are suggested by climate velocity. 

    Burrows, MT; Schoeman, DS; Richardson, AJ; Molinos, JG; Hoffmann, A; Buckley, LB; Moore, PJ; Brown, CJ; Bruno, JF; Duarte, CM; Halpern, BS; Hoegh-Guldberg, O; Kappel, CV; Kiessling, W; O'Connor, MI; Pandolfi, JM; Parmesan, C; Sydeman, WJ; Ferrier, S; Williams, KJ; Poloczanska, ES (England, 2014-03-27)
    The reorganization of patterns of species diversity driven by anthropogenic climate change, and the consequences for humans, are not yet fully understood or appreciated. Nevertheless, changes in climate conditions are ...
  • High proportion of smaller ranged hummingbird species coincides with ecological specialization across the Americas. 

    Sonne, J; Martín González, AM; Maruyama, PK; Sandel, B; Vizentin-Bugoni, J; Schleuning, M; Abrahamczyk, S; Alarcón, R; Araujo, AC; Araújo, FP; Mendes de Azevedo, S; Baquero, AC; Cotton, PA; Ingversen, TT; Kohler, G; Lara, C; Guedes Las-Casas, FM; Machado, AO; Machado, CG; Maglianesi, MA; Moura, AC; Nogués-Bravo, D; Oliveira, GM; Oliveira, PE; Ornelas, JF; Rodrigues, LDC; Rosero-Lasprilla, L; Rui, AM; Sazima, M; Timmermann, A; Varassin, IG; Wang, Z; Watts, S; Fjeldså, J; Svenning, J-C; Rahbek, C; Dalsgaard, B (EnglandEnglandEnglandEnglandEnglandEnglandEnglandEngland, 2016-02-10)
    Ecological communities that experience stable climate conditions have been speculated to preserve more specialized interspecific associations and have higher proportions of smaller ranged species (SRS). Thus, areas with ...
  • High proportion of smaller ranged hummingbird species coincides with ecological specialization across the Americas. 

    Sonne, J; Martín González, AM; Maruyama, PK; Sandel, B; Vizentin-Bugoni, J; Schleuning, M; Abrahamczyk, S; Alarcón, R; Araujo, AC; Araújo, FP; Mendes de Azevedo, S; Baquero, AC; Cotton, PA; Ingversen, TT; Kohler, G; Lara, C; Guedes Las-Casas, FM; Machado, AO; Machado, CG; Maglianesi, MA; Moura, AC; Nogués-Bravo, D; Oliveira, GM; Oliveira, PE; Ornelas, JF; Rodrigues, LDC; Rosero-Lasprilla, L; Rui, AM; Sazima, M; Timmermann, A; Varassin, IG; Wang, Z; Watts, S; Fjeldså, J; Svenning, J-C; Rahbek, C; Dalsgaard, B (England, 2016-02-10)
    Ecological communities that experience stable climate conditions have been speculated to preserve more specialized interspecific associations and have higher proportions of smaller ranged species (SRS). Thus, areas with ...
  • Horizontal gene transfer in bdelloid rotifers is ancient, ongoing and more frequent in species from desiccating habitats. 

    Eyres, I; Boschetti, C; Crisp, A; Smith, TP; Fontaneto, D; Tunnacliffe, A; Barraclough, TG (England, 2015-11-04)
    BACKGROUND: Although prevalent in prokaryotes, horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is rarer in multicellular eukaryotes. Bdelloid rotifers are microscopic animals that contain a higher proportion of horizontally transferred, ...
  • Hurricane-driven patterns of clonality in an ecosystem engineer: the Caribbean coral Montastraea annularis. 

    Foster, NL; Baums, IB; Sanchez, JA; Paris, CB; Chollett, I; Agudelo, CL; Vermeij, MJA; Mumby, PJ (United States, 2013)
    K-selected species with low rates of sexual recruitment may utilise storage effects where low adult mortality allows a number of individuals to persist through time until a favourable recruitment period occurs. Alternative ...
  • Marine governance in the English Channel (La Manche): Linking science and management. 

    Glegg, G; Jefferson, R; Fletcher, S (2015-06-30)
    The English Channel is one of the world's busiest sea areas with intense shipping and port activity juxtaposed with recreation, communications and important conservation areas. Opportunities for marine renewable energy ...
  • Marine plastics threaten giant Atlantic Marine Protected Areas. 

    Barnes, DKA; Morley, SA; Bell, J; Brewin, P; Brigden, K; Collins, M; Glass, T; Goodall-Copestake, WP; Henry, L; Laptikhovsky, V; Piechaud, N; Richardson, A; Rose, P; Sands, CJ; Schofield, A; Shreeve, R; Small, A; Stamford, T; Taylor, B (England, 2018-10-08)
    There has been a recent shift in global perception of plastics in the environment, resulting in a call for greater action. Science and the popular media have highlighted plastic as an increasing stressor [1,2]. Efforts ...
  • Metamorphosis and animal personality: a neglected opportunity. 

    Wilson, ADM; Krause, J (England, 2012-10)
    Developmental perspectives represent an underutilized area of animal personality research, in spite of their obvious importance in biology. Animals that undergo metamorphosis are particularly neglected and represent a ...
  • Multi-year assessment of coastal planktonic fungi reveals environmental drivers of diversity and abundance. 

    Taylor, JD; Cunliffe, M (England, 2016-09)
    Mycoplankton have so far been a neglected component of pelagic marine ecosystems, having been poorly studied relative to other plankton groups. Currently, there is a lack of understanding of how mycoplankton diversity ...
  • Ocean acidification through the lens of ecological theory. 

    Gaylord, B; Kroeker, KJ; Sunday, JM; Anderson, KM; Barry, JP; Brown, NE; Connell, SD; Dupont, S; Fabricius, KE; Hall-Spencer, JH; Klinger, T; Milazzo, M; Munday, PL; Russell, BD; Sanford, E; Schreiber, SJ; Thiyagarajan, V; Vaughan, MLH; Widdicombe, S; Harley, CDG (United States, 2015-01)
    Ocean acidification, chemical changes to the carbonate system of seawater, is emerging as a key environmental challenge accompanying global warming and other human-induced perturbations. Considerable research seeks to ...
  • Predicting ecosystem shifts requires new approaches that integrate the effects of climate change across entire systems. 

    Russell, BD; Harley, CDG; Wernberg, T; Mieszkowska, N; Widdicombe, S; Hall-Spencer, JM; Connell, SD (England, 2012-04-23)
    Most studies that forecast the ecological consequences of climate change target a single species and a single life stage. Depending on climatic impacts on other life stages and on interacting species, however, the results ...

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