Now showing items 1-9 of 9

  • An attentional control task reduces intrusive thoughts about smoking. 

    May, J; Andrade, J; Willoughby, K; Brown, C (England, 2012-04)
    INTRODUCTION: Attentional control tasks such as body scanning and following isometric exercise instructions have been shown to reduce smoking cravings, apparently by reducing stress (Ussher, M., Cropley, M., Playle, S., ...
  • Dyslexia and reasoning: the importance of visual processes. 

    Bacon, AM; Handley, SJ (England, 2010-08)
    Recent research has suggested that individuals with dyslexia rely on explicit visuospatial representations for syllogistic reasoning while most non-dyslexics opt for an abstract verbal strategy. This paper investigates ...
  • Emotional and behavioral reaction to intrusive thoughts. 

    Berry, L-M; May, J; Andrade, J; Kavanagh, D (United States, 2010-03)
    A self-report measure of the emotional and behavioral reactions to intrusive thoughts was developed. The article presents data that confirm the stability, reliability, and validity of the new seven-item measure. Emotional ...
  • Logic brightens my day: Evidence for implicit sensitivity to logical validity. 

    Trippas, D; Handley, SJ; Verde, MF; Morsanyi, K (United States, 2016-09)
    A key assumption of dual process theory is that reasoning is an explicit, effortful, deliberative process. The present study offers evidence for an implicit, possibly intuitive component of reasoning. Participants were ...
  • The logic-bias effect: The role of effortful processing in the resolution of belief-logic conflict. 

    Howarth, S; Handley, SJ; Walsh, C (United States, 2016-02)
    According to the default interventionist dual-process account of reasoning, belief-based responses to reasoning tasks are based on Type 1 processes generated by default, which must be inhibited in order to produce an ...
  • Negative intrusive thoughts and dissociation as risk factors for self-harm. 

    Batey, H; May, J; Andrade, J (England, 2010-02)
    Relationships between self-harm and vulnerability factors were studied in a general population of 432 participants, of whom 30% reported some experience of self-harm. This group scored higher on dissociation and childhood ...
  • Temporal distance and person memory: thinking about the future changes memory for the past. 

    Wyer, NA; Perfect, TJ; Pahl, S (United States, 2010-06)
    Psychological distance has been shown to influence how people construe an event such that greater distance produces high-level construal (characterized by global or holistic processing) and lesser distance produces low-level ...
  • Use of a clay modeling task to reduce chocolate craving. 

    Andrade, J; Pears, S; May, J; Kavanagh, DJ (England, 2012-06)
    Elaborated Intrusion theory (EI theory; Kavanagh, Andrade, & May, 2005) posits two main cognitive components in craving: associative processes that lead to intrusive thoughts about the craved substance or activity, and ...
  • Using forced choice to test belief bias in syllogistic reasoning. 

    Trippas, D; Verde, MF; Handley, SJ (Netherlands, 2014-12)
    In deductive reasoning, believable conclusions are more likely to be accepted regardless of their validity. Although many theories argue that this belief bias reflects a change in the quality of reasoning, distinguishing ...

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