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dc.contributor.authorPham, CKen
dc.contributor.authorRamirez-Llodra, Een
dc.contributor.authorAlt, CHSen
dc.contributor.authorAmaro, Ten
dc.contributor.authorBergmann, Men
dc.contributor.authorCanals, Men
dc.contributor.authorCompany, JBen
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Jen
dc.contributor.authorDuineveld, Gen
dc.contributor.authorGalgani, Fen
dc.contributor.authorHowell, KLen
dc.contributor.authorHuvenne, VAIen
dc.contributor.authorIsidro, Een
dc.contributor.authorJones, DOBen
dc.contributor.authorLastras, Gen
dc.contributor.authorMorato, Ten
dc.contributor.authorGomes-Pereira, JNen
dc.contributor.authorPurser, Aen
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Hen
dc.contributor.authorTojeira, Ien
dc.contributor.authorTubau, Xen
dc.contributor.authorVan Rooij, Den
dc.contributor.authorTyler, PAen

Anthropogenic litter is present in all marine habitats, from beaches to the most remote points in the oceans. On the seafloor, marine litter, particularly plastic, can accumulate in high densities with deleterious consequences for its inhabitants. Yet, because of the high cost involved with sampling the seafloor, no large-scale assessment of distribution patterns was available to date. Here, we present data on litter distribution and density collected during 588 video and trawl surveys across 32 sites in European waters. We found litter to be present in the deepest areas and at locations as remote from land as the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone across the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The highest litter density occurs in submarine canyons, whilst the lowest density can be found on continental shelves and on ocean ridges. Plastic was the most prevalent litter item found on the seafloor. Litter from fishing activities (derelict fishing lines and nets) was particularly common on seamounts, banks, mounds and ocean ridges. Our results highlight the extent of the problem and the need for action to prevent increasing accumulation of litter in marine environments.

dc.format.extente95839 - ?en
dc.subjectWater Pollutantsen
dc.titleMarine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins.en
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.publication-statusPublished onlineen
plymouth.journalPLoS Oneen
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Biological and Marine Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA07 Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen
dc.rights.embargoperiodNo embargoen
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen

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