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dc.contributor.authorLane, SM
dc.contributor.authorBriffa, M
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-22T11:27:21Z
dc.date.issued2018-02-20
dc.identifier.issn0022-0949
dc.identifier.issn1477-9145
dc.identifier.otherARTN jeb169201
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/10842
dc.description.abstract

The ability to mitigate the costs of engaging in a fight will depend on an individual's physiological state. However, the experience of fighting itself may in turn affect an individual's state, especially if the fight results in injury. Previous studies found a correlation between immune state and fighting success, but the causal direction of this relationship remains unclear. Does immune state determine fighting success? Or does fighting itself influence subsequent immune state? Using the beadlet anemone Actinia equina, we disentangle the cause and effect of this relationship, measuring immune response once pre-fight and twice post-fight. Contrary to previous findings, pre-fight immune response did not predict fighting success, but rather predicted whether an individual used its weapons during the fight. Furthermore, weapon use and contest outcome significantly affected post-fight immune response. Individuals that used their weapons maintained a stable immune response following the fight, while those that fought non-injuriously did not. Furthermore, although winners suffered a similar reduction in immune response to losers immediately post-fight, winners began to recover pre-fight levels within 24 hours. Our findings indicate that immune state can influence strategic fighting decisions and moreover that fight outcome and the agonistic behaviours expressed can significantly affect subsequent immunity.

dc.format.extentjeb169201-
dc.format.mediumElectronic
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherCompany of Biologists
dc.subjectActinia equina
dc.subjectContest behaviour
dc.subjectFighting success
dc.subjectImmune response
dc.subjectInjuries
dc.subjectWeapon use
dc.titleImmune function and the decision to deploy weapons during fights in the beadlet anemone Actinia equina.
dc.typejournal-article
dc.typeArticle
plymouth.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29361588
plymouth.issue4
plymouth.volume221
plymouth.publication-statusPublished online
plymouth.journalJournal of Experimental Biology
dc.identifier.doi10.1242/jeb.169201
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Science and Engineering/School of Biological and Marine Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/REF 2021 Researchers by UoA/UoA04 Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Marine Institute
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Academics
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Users by role/Researchers in ResearchFish submission
dc.publisher.placeEngland
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-12-21
dc.rights.embargodate2019-2-20
dc.identifier.eissn1477-9145
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot known
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1242/jeb.169201
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2018-02-20
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
plymouth.funderThe role of additive and non-additive genetic effects during animal contests in the beadlet sea anemone Actinia equina::BBSRC


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