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dc.contributor.authorWhite, Len
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-16T15:15:15Z
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-16T15:19:47Z
dc.date.available2018-02-16T15:15:15Z
dc.date.available2018-02-16T15:19:47Z
dc.date.issued2014-05-09en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/10803
dc.description.abstract

Listeners can use variation in speech segment duration to interpret the structure of spoken utterances, but there is no systematic description of how speakers manipulate timing for communicative ends. Here I propose a functional approach to prosodic speech timing, with particular reference to English. The disparate findings regarding the production of timing effects are evaluated against the functional requirement that communicative durational variation should be perceivable and interpretable by the listener. In the resulting framework, prosodic structure is held to influence speech timing directly only at the heads and edges of prosodic domains, through large, consistent lengthening effects. As each such effect has a characteristic locus within its domain, speech timing cues are potentially disambiguated for the listener, even in the absence of other information. Diffuse timing effects – in particular, quasi-rhythmical compensatory processes implying a relationship between structure and timing throughout the utterance – are found to be weak and inconsistently observed. Furthermore, it is argued that articulatory and perceptual constraints make shortening processes less useful as structural cues, and they must be regarded as peripheral, at best, in a parsimonious and functionally-informed account.

en
dc.format.extent38 - 54en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.replaceshttp://hdl.handle.net/10026.1/10802
dc.relation.replaces10026.1/10802
dc.titleCommunicative function and prosodic form in speech timingen
dc.typeJournal Article
plymouth.volume63-64en
plymouth.journalSpeech Communicationen
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/00 Groups by role/Professional Services staff
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health and Human Sciences
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Faculty of Health and Human Sciences/School of Psychology
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups
plymouth.organisational-group/Plymouth/Research Groups/Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (CBCB)
dc.rights.embargoperiodNot knownen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen


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