Finite-Time Observer Based Guidance and Control of Underactuated Surface Vehicles with Unknown Sideslip Angles and Disturbances
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Suffering from complex sideslip angles, path following control of an under actuated surface vehicle (USV) becomes significantly challenging and remains unresolved. In this paper, a finite-time observer based guidance and control (FOGC) scheme for path following of an USV with time-varying and large sideslip angles and unknown external disturbances is proposed. The salient features of the proposed FOGC scheme are as follows: 1) time-varying large sideslip angle is exactly estimated by a finite-time sideslip observer, and thereby contributing to the sideslip-tangent line-of-sight guidance law which significantly enhances the robustness of the guidance system to unknown sideslip angles which are significantly large and time-varying; 2) a finite-time disturbance observer (FDO) is devised to exactly observe unknown external disturbances, and thereby implementing FDO-based surge and heading robust tracking controllers, which possess remarkable tracking accuracy and precise disturbance rejection, simultaneously; and 3) by virtue of cascade analysis and Lyapunov approach, global asymptotic stability of the integrated guidance-control system is rigorously ensured. Simulation studies and comparisons are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed FOGC scheme.
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