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Coral and mollusc resistance to ocean acidification adversely affected by warming
Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2) concentrations are expectedto decrease surface ocean pH by 0.3-0.5 units by 2100 (refs,), lowering the carbonate ion concentration of surfacewaters. This rapid acidification is ...
Calcification is not the Achilles' heel of cold-water corals in an acidifying ocean.
Ocean acidification is thought to be a major threat to coral reefs: laboratory evidence and CO2 seep research has shown adverse effects on many coral species, although a few are resilient. There are concerns that cold-water ...
Physiological advantages of dwarfing in surviving extinctions in high-CO2 oceans
Excessive CO2 in the present-day ocean–atmosphere system is causing ocean acidification, and is likely to cause a severe biodiversity decline in the future1, mirroring eff ects in many past mass extinctions2–4. Fossil ...