Trefoil factor family peptides enhance cell migration by increasing cellular osmotic permeability and aquaporin 3 levels
Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides are produced rapidly at sites of injury, stimulating epithelial migration, a process involving rapid changes in cell shape and volume, requiring rapid flow of water into and out of the cell. We examined the effect of TFFs on fluidity of cells by measuring their sensitivity to osmotic challenges and cell migration, and determined whether those results were mediated through altering the levels of aquaporins (AQPs), a family of transmembrane water channels involved in cellular water homeostasis. Gastric (AGS) and colonic (Caco-2) cell lines had intrinsic TFF levels determined and the predominant TFF peptide knocked down (RNA interference). Knockdown caused lessened responsiveness to changes in external osmotic challenge (by 51 and 69% in AGS and Caco-2 cells, respectively) and reduced cell migration and transepithelial permeability but did not influence proliferation. Exogenous TFF increased several AQPs, particularly AQP3, and those were reciprocally reduced in knockdown cells. TFF-induced, but not fetal calf serum-induced, cell migration was inhibited by the presence of AQP3 blocker (CuSO4). We summarize that TFF peptides promptly produced at sites of injury increase AQP levels, most notably AQP3, thereby enhancing the cells' ability to rapidly change their shape as part of the restitutive process. TFF peptides also require functioning AQP3 channels to induce cell migration.-Marchbank, T., Playford, R. J. Trefoil factor family peptides enhance cell migration by increasing cellular osmotic permeability and aquaporin 3 levels.
|dc.publisher||Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology|
|dc.title||Trefoil factor family peptides enhance cell migration by increasing cellular osmotic permeability and aquaporin 3 levels|
|dc.type||Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
|plymouth.organisational-group||/Plymouth/Faculty of Health|