Silane modification of the flax/epoxy system interface
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Natural fibres (NF) are normally subjected to pre-treatment to ensure good fibre to matrix bonding and consequent mechanical properties and durability. To enhance the sustainability of NF composite systems, it would be sensible to minimise processes that incur environmental burdens. This research considers that addition of silane coupling agent to epoxy resin hardener may be an alternative to the direct chemical pre-treatment of NF before composites manufacture. The current study indicates that silane-in-hardener can eliminate the pre-treatment of fibres and generates composites with optimum mechanical properties.
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